Ramjet engines cannot propel an aerial vehicle from zero to supersonic speeds. [10], BrahMos Aerospace named the missile BrahMos-II (K) in honour of the former President of India, APJ Abdul Kalam. Its simplicity also makes it a good choice whenever large amount of thrust is needed. They are generally designed for mass annihilation. (iv) Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. The command signals are passed along a wire (or wires) dispensed from the missile after launch. - Mr. Sudhir Kumar Mishra, "BrahMos is not only a successful Joint Venture but also a model for cooperation which has immense political value for our two countries" - Mr. Dmitry Rogozin, "BrahMos JV is a unique venture which has given substantial guidelines in defence design inputs, engineering inputs, production related culture and ultimately in pushing the technology base forward" - Dr. V G Sekaran, "BrahMos JV is most suitable model, which has withstood the test of time and is recommended to be followed for realization of all high end products with our country." The BrahMos has a relatively short range—only 190 miles (290 kilometers)—under half the range of the Russian Oniks missile. (ii) Strategic Warhead: In a strategic warhead, radio active materials are present and when triggered they exhibit huge radio activity that can wipe out even cities. And there are nine countries which have shown interest in the indigenously-developed Akash missile systems, which can intercept hostile aircraft, helicopters, drones and subsonic cruise missiles at a range of 25-km. (i) Cruise Missile: A cruise missile is an unmanned self-propelled (till the time of impact) guided vehicle that sustains flight through aerodynamic lift for most of its flight path and whose primary mission is to place an ordnance or special payload on a target. The storage of missile with liquid fuel is difficult and complex. Three accelerometers, mounted on a platform space-stabilised by gyros, measure accelerations along three mutually perpendicular axes; these accelerations are then integrated twice, the first integration giving velocity and the second giving position. (iii) Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile Depending upon the speed such missiles are classified as: Subsonic cruise missile flies at a speed lesser than that of sound. Hypersonic cruise missile travels at a speed of more than 5 Mach. For example, Prithvi I, Prithvi II, Agni I, Agni II and Dhanush ballistic missiles are currently operational in the Indian defence forces. Anti-tank missiles could be launched from aircraft, helicopters, tanks and also from shoulder mounted launcher. The surface radar tracks the target and also transmits a guidance beam that adjusts its angle as the target moves across the sky. The guidance system directs the control system whenever an alteration to trajectory is required. Basically, liquid fuel gives high specific impulse as compared to solid fuel. The missile was fired from a ground mobile launcher at launch pad number-1 of the Integrated Test Range … In liquid propulsion,  propulsion can be controlled easily by restricting the fuel flow by using valves and it can also be controlled even under emergency conditions. Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines, among others, have sought the ramjet medium-range cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, fighter planes, or land, and is known to be the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world, to deter Chinese expansionism. However, the air entering the engine should be at supersonic speeds. (viii) Anti-Tank Missile: An anti-tank missile is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily-armoured tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. (vi) Beam Rider Guidance: The beam rider concept relies on an external ground or ship-based radar station that transmits a beam of radar energy towards the target. [citation needed] Its top speed will be double that of the current BrahMos-I, and it has been described as the fastest cruise missile in the world. is a hypersonic cruise missile currently under joint development by Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation, which have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited. of Madhya Pradesh, Motivational Session with the ignited minds of Apeejay STYA University, BrahMos in DRDO Exhibition 2016, Parliament of India, BrahMos Day Celebrations, 12th and 13th June 2015, The Machinist Super CEO 2015 award and The Machinist Super Shop Floor 2015, BrahMos Awarded as 'BEST JV' at Aerospace & Defense Awards 2015, Shri Manohar Parrikar, honourable Defence Minister visited BrahMos Complex, Hyderabad on 7 Feb 2015, Majestic Display of BRAHMOS Weapon System during the 66th Republic Day Celebrations on 26 January 2015 at Rajpath, New Delhi, Seminar on Innovation: Torch bearer of 21st Century during Vibrant Gujarat Summit 2015, Gandhinagar on 12 Jan 2015, CEO & MD, BrahMos Aerospace meets with India's Missile Man, Shri Sudhir Kumar Mishra joins BrahMos as its new CEO & MD, BrahMos Missile Featuring Indigenous Booster Successfully Flight Tested, Message of Condolence on the Passing of Dr. Alexander Naumovich Semaev, BRAHMOS Supersonic Cruise Missile, with major indigenous systems, successfully test-fired, Defence Minister chairs first DAC meeting, clears BRAHMOS mobile coastal battery for Navy, Eastern Command Unit Test-Fired BRAHMOS Missile from Car Nicobar Islands, "Time has come for BrahMos Aerospace to work on Mark-II version of BRAHMOS so that we will still be the market leader in hypersonic cruise missiles." The missile has a laser seeker that can detect even miniscule amount of radiation. It achieves compression of intake air just by the forward speed of the air vehicle. They fly within the earth’s atmosphere and use jet engine technology. (ii) Ballistic Missile: A ballistic missile is a missile that has a ballistic trajectory over most of its flight path, regardless of whether or not it is a weapon-delivery vehicle. [2][3] Other details, including production cost and physical dimensions of the missile, are yet to be published. It travels at a speed of around 0.8 Mach. (ii) Surface-to-Air Missile: A surface-to-air missile is designed for launch from the ground to destroy aerial targets like aircrafts, helicopters and even ballistic missiles. So, the aerial vehicle must be moving in supersonic speeds. All Rights Reserved. During the cruise stage of flight the missile will be propelled by a scramjet airbreathing jet engine. This type of classification is based on maximum range achieved by the missiles. The missile carry a huge payload. Ballistic missiles are categorised according to their range, maximum distance measured along the surface of earth's ellipsoid from the point of launch to the point of impact of the last element of their payload. India test-fires medium range surface-to air missile. DRDO Scientist Explains Why Akash Missile Beats BrahMos & All Others As India’s Most Sought-After Export Weapon. It is mechanically simple, but vastly more complex aerodynamically than a jet engine. It is often powered by a rocket motor or sometimes fired by an explosive charge since the launch platform is stationary. (ii) Liquid Propulsion: The liquid propulsion technology uses liquid as fuel. My priorities will be indigenisation of missile development in India, capacity building for larger production, meeting the production orders ahead of schedule to ensure delivery of missiles on time and to ensure different versions of BRAHMOS missiles to meet the aspirations and requirements of the defence force including Army, Navy & Air Force. The expansion of hot gases after fuel injection and combustion accelerates the exhaust air to a velocity higher than that at the inlet and creates positive push. Dr Sudhir Kumar Mishra CEO & MD, BrahMos Aerospace, Distinguished Scientist & Director General (BrahMos), DRDO ✉ skmishra@brahmos.comRead More, Successful firing of BRAHMOS Air Launched Missile from Su-30MKI Aircraft, BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited (CIN - U74899DL1995PTC074334)16, Cariappa Marg, Kirby Place, Cantt, New Delhi 110010Tel: +91-11-33123000 , Fax: +91-11-25684827, Email - mail@brahmos.comContact Person: Mr Praveen Pathak, CGM (MP&E), Terms of Use Ballistic missiles can be launched from ships and land based facilities. It is the second of the BrahMos series of cruise missiles. The basic classification is as follows: (i) Short Range Missile ; it travels a kilometre approximately in a second. (i) Conventional Warhead: A conventional warhead contains high energy explosives. Over the course of its flight, the weapon uses this information to send commands to control surfaces and adjusts its trajectory. - Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, "The traditional partnership between India & Russia has been tested by the time and time and it is the most important stabilizing factor, not only for the asian region, but for the whole world" - Vladimir Putin, "Make in India' should not be limited to production & manufacturing only, it should also involve generation of engineering knowledge in the country." (viii) RF and GPS Reference: RF (Radio Frequency) and GPS (Global Positioning System) are examples of technologies that are used in missile guidance systems. The system uses sensitive altimeters to measure the profile of the ground directly below and checks the result against stored information. (i) Solid Propulsion: Solid fuel is used in solid propulsion. Solid propulsion has the advantage of being easily stored and can be handled in fuelled condition. (iv) Air-to-Air Missile: An air-to-air missile is launched from an aircraft to destroy the enemy aircraft. Cryogenic propellants require special insulated containers and vents which allow gas to escape from the evaporating liquids. (ii) Command Guidance: Command guidance involves tracking the projectile from the launch site or platform and transmitting commands by radio, radar, or laser impulses or along thin wires or optical fibres. Tracking might be accomplished by radar or optical instruments from the launch site or by radar or television imagery relayed from the missile. The modular design of the missile and its capability of being launched at different orientations enable it to be integrated with a wide spectrum of platforms like warships, submarines, different types of aircraft, mobile autonomous launchers and silos. Ship, submarine, aircraft and land-based mobile launchers. 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