Nor can they fully know themselves apart from an encounter with other persons: âI communicate effectively with myself only insofar as I communicate with othersâ. 3:27:35 “Magicians” Prove A Spiritual World Exists - Demonic Activity Caught On Video (Final Edition) 21:09. For example, there was the dream of a united Europe, capable of acknowledging its shared roots and rejoicing in its rich diversity. If a criminal has harmed me or a loved one, no one can forbid me from demanding justice and ensuring that this person â or anyone else â will not harm me, or others, again. All this originates in a sense of esteem, an appreciation of the value of the other. The Latin American Bishops have observed that âonly the closeness that makes us friends can enable us to appreciate deeply the values of the poor today, their legitimate desires, and their own manner of living the faith. No one can face life in isolationâ¦ We need a community that supports and helps us, in which we can help one another to keep looking ahead. Lack of concern for the vulnerable can hide behind a populism that exploits them demagogically for its own purposes, or a liberalism that serves the economic interests of the powerful. Lire une encyclique demande toujours un effort, a fortiori s’il vous déstabilise. When our hearts do this, they are capable of identifying with others without worrying about where they were born or come from. âDigital media can also expose people to the risk of addiction, isolation and a gradual loss of contact with concrete reality, blocking the development of authentic interpersonal relationshipsâ. Una conversazione con Papa Francesco, in JORGE MARIO BERGOLIO â PAPA FRANCESCO, Nei tuoi occhi è la mia parola.  SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World Gaudium et Spes, 1. True wisdom demands an encounter with reality. What is now happening, and drawing us into a perverse and barren way of thinking, is the reduction of ethics and politics to physics. Dialogue between the followers of different religions does not take place simply for the sake of diplomacy, consideration or tolerance. People can develop certain habits that might appear as moral values: fortitude, sobriety, hard work and similar virtues.  Each of us should realize that âeven the harsh judgment I hold in my heart against my brother or my sister, the open wound that was never cured, the offense that was never forgiven, the rancour that is only going to hurt me, are all instances of a struggle that I carry within me, a little flame deep in my heart that needs to be extinguished before it turns into a great blazeâ. We need to âkeep alive the flame of collective conscience, bearing witness to succeeding generations to the horror of what happenedâ, because that witness âawakens and preserves the memory of the victims, so that the conscience of humanity may rise up in the face of every desire for dominance and destructionâ. octobre 04, 2020 13:13 Anne Kurian-Montabone Pape François. This requires us to place at the centre of all political, social and economic activity the human person, who enjoys the highest dignity, and respect for the common good. 27, a. It follows that âwe believers need to find occasions to speak with one another and to act together for the common good and the promotion of the poor. In earlier Jewish traditions, the imperative to love and care for others appears to have been limited to relationships between members of the same nation. If we wish to maintain that society is more than a mere aggregate of individuals, the term âpeopleâ proves necessary. A shallow and pathetic desire to imitate others leads to copying and consuming in place of creating, and fosters low national self-esteem. Mt 5:44-46), even if it is quite legitimately demanded by society and its justice system.  Cf.Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 172. Their share of the truth and their values are rejected and, as a result, the life of society is impoverished and subjected to the hubris of the powerful. 248. Message for the 2018 World Day of Migrants and Refugees (14 January 2018): AAS 109 (2017), 918-923. No one achieves inner peace or returns to a normal life in that way. Family disputes are always resolved afterwards. Universal does not necessarily mean bland, uniform and standardized, based on a single prevailing cultural model, for this will ultimately lead to the loss of a rich palette of shades and colours, and result in utter monotony. 45.  Address to the European Parliament, Strasbourg (25 November 2014): AAS 106 (2014), 997. Indeed, âwithout equal opportunities, different forms of aggression and conflict will find a fertile terrain for growth and eventually explode. Many migrants have fled from war, persecution and natural catastrophes. Planeta, Buenos Aires, 2017, 105.  Address to the Members of the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization, New York (25 September 2015): AAS 107 (2015), 1037.  The claim that the modern world has reduced poverty is made by measuring poverty with criteria from the past that do not correspond to present-day realities.  Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium (24 November 2013), 212: AAS 105 (2013), 1108. Free and heartfelt forgiveness is something noble, a reflection of Godâs own infinite ability to forgive. This parable has to do with an age-old problem.  As the Bishops of the Congo have said with regard to one recurring conflict: âPeace agreements on paper will not be enough. It can only be done by overcoming evil with good (cf.  The image of a polyhedron can represent a society where differences coexist, complementing, enriching and reciprocally illuminating one another, even amid disagreements and reservations. But this has to be done without evasion or uprooting. As a rule, the advance of this kind of globalism strengthens the identity of the more powerful, who can protect themselves, but it tends to diminish the identity of the weaker and poorer regions, making them more vulnerable and dependent. Saint Thomas Aquinas: Scriptum super Sententiis, lib. Partager. 34. This charity, which is the spiritual heart of politics, is always a preferential love shown to those in greatest need; it undergirds everything we do on their behalf.  With these words, Saint Francis of Assisi addressed his brothers and sisters and proposed to them a way of life marked by the flavour of the Gospel. 203. The call to fraternal love echoes throughout the New Testament: âFor the whole law is summed up in a single commandment, âYou shall love your neighbour as yourselfââ (Gal 5:14). Fraternity necessarily calls for something greater, which in turn enhances freedom and equality. This is even more the case in times of crisis, catastrophe and hardship, when we are tempted to think in terms of the old saying, âevery man for himselfâ. Let us not forget that âdifferences are creative; they create tension and in the resolution of tension lies humanityâs progressâ.. ENCYCLICAL LETTER FRATELLI TUTTI OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS ON FRATERNITY AND SOCIAL FRIENDSHIP. There is no need, then, to oppose the interests of society, consensus and the reality of objective truth. Not only by providing for their basic needs, but by enabling them to give the best of themselves, even though their performance may be less than optimum, their pace slow or their efficiency limited.  SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions Nostra Aetate, 2.  There was also a growing desire for integration in Latin America, and several steps were taken in this direction. Ein Gang durch den Festkreis, Herderbücherei 901, Freiburg, 1981, 30.  Cf. Theirs is not a culture meant to benefit the powerful, those driven to create for themselves a kind of earthly paradise. 20. In the same way, we can choose the people with whom we wish to share our world.  From the film Pope Francis: A Man of His Word, by Wim Wenders (2018).  For many Christians, this journey of fraternity also has a Mother, whose name is Mary. 58. 17. Cerf, Paris, 1968, 12-13. This kind of manipulation can be exercised not only by governments, but also in economics, politics, communications, religion and in other spheres. Yet I would like to conclude by mentioning another person of deep faith who, drawing upon his intense experience of God, made a journey of transformation towards feeling a brother to all. CHARLES DE FOUCAULD, Méditation sur le Notre Père (23 January 1897). Jesus never promoted violence or intolerance. In order to have the video in high quality please write to the e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org. , 284. The twenty-first century âis witnessing a weakening of the power of nation states, chiefly because the economic and financial sectors, being transnational, tend to prevail over the political. What is law without the conviction, born of age-old reflection and great wisdom, that each human being is sacred and inviolable? Their only desire is to avoid problems; it does not matter that, through their fault, another person could die. Good politics will seek ways of building communities at every level of social life, in order to recalibrate and reorient globalization and thus avoid its disruptive effects. Justice is properly sought solely out of love of justice itself, out of respect for the victims, as a means of preventing new crimes and protecting the common good, not as an alleged outlet for personal anger. Reflexión onto-lógicaâ, Revista Universitas Philosophica, 15-16 (December 1990-June 1991), Bogotá, 95-106. For âman is a limited being who is himself limitlessâ..  From the film Pope Francis: A Man of His Word, by Wim Wenders (2018).  Latinoamérica. For peace âis not merely absence of war but a tireless commitment â especially on the part of those of us charged with greater responsibility â to recognize, protect and concretely restore the dignity, so often overlooked or ignored, of our brothers and sisters, so that they can see themselves as the principal protagonists of the destiny of their nationâ. We should also recognize that destructive forms of fanaticism are at times found among religious believers, including Christians; they too âcan be caught up in networks of verbal violence through the internet and the various forums of digital communication. Building social friendship does not only call for rapprochement between groups who took different sides at some troubled period of history, but also for a renewed encounter with the most impoverished and vulnerable sectors of society. Yet each of them is able to offer âa unique contribution to the common good through their remarkable life storiesâ. Francis did not wage a war of words aimed at imposing doctrines; he simply spread the love of God. How sad it is when we find, behind allegedly altruistic works, the other being reduced to passivityâ. The ability to sit down and listen to others, typical of interpersonal encounters, is paradigmatic of the welcoming attitude shown by those who transcend narcissism and accept others, caring for them and welcoming them into their lives. 3. Liberty becomes nothing more than a condition for living as we will, completely free to choose to whom or what we will belong, or simply to possess or exploit. In the process, we come to experience others as our âown fleshâ (Is 58:7). If forgiveness is gratuitous, then it can be shown even to someone who resists repentance and is unable to beg pardon. Faith has untold power to inspire and sustain our respect for others, for believers come to know that God loves every man and woman with infinite love and âthereby confers infinite dignityâ upon all humanity. It means thinking and acting in terms of community. Much still prevents them from being fully enfranchised. Even the Good Samaritan, for example, needed to have a nearby inn that could provide the help that he was personally unable to offer.  Address to the United Nations Organization, New York (25 September 2015): AAS 107 (2015), 1039. Rom 12:17.19), there is also a recognition of the need for authorities to impose penalties on evildoers (cf. As Jesus told us: âYou are all brothersâ (Mt 23:8). 167. It is likewise important to reinforce the bond of fundamental human rights in order to help ensure a dignified life for all the men and women of East and West, avoiding the politics of double standardsâ.. We cannot forget Christâs desire âthat they may all be oneâ (cf. Social friendship and universal fraternity necessarily call for an acknowledgement of the worth of every human person, always and everywhere. 142. 109. 23. An awareness of our own limitations and incompleteness, far from being a threat, becomes the key to envisaging and pursuing a common project. (Point 137), 6. âGod does not see with his eyes, God sees with his heart.  Homily in Skopje, North Macedonia (7 May 2019): LâOsservatore Romano, 8 May 2019, p. 12.  Our affection for others makes us freely desire to seek their good. Instead, they choose not to yield to the same destructive force that caused them so much suffering. 215. âLife, for all its confrontations, is the art of encounterâ. […] Seul, on risque d’avoir des mirages par lesquels tu vois ce qu’il n’y a pas ; les rêves se construisent ensemble ».  Address to Participants in the World Meeting of Popular Movements (28 October 2014): AAS 106 (2014), 853. Saint John Paul II stated clearly and firmly that the death penalty is inadequate from a moral standpoint and no longer necessary from that of penal justice. Si le pardon est gratuit, alors on peut pardonner même à quelqu’un qui résiste au repentir et qui est incapable de demander pardon. What is more, caught up as we are with our own needs, the sight of a person who is suffering disturbs us. - Francis Said What? In this way, it does not deny its proper identity, but is open to being mobilized, challenged, broadened and enriched by others, and thus to further growth and development. It is religious freedom for believers of all religions. Is not the indifference and the heartless individualism into which we have fallen also a result of our sloth in pursuing higher values, values that transcend our immediate needs? In the affluent sectors of many poor countries, and at times in those who have recently emerged from poverty, there is a resistance to native ways of thinking and acting, and a tendency to look down on oneâs own cultural identity, as if it were the sole cause of every ill. 52.  Address on the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Promulgation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church (11 October 2017): AAS 109 (2017), 1196. Within that framework, what place is there for those who are not part of oneâs group of associates, yet long for a better life for themselves and their families? 235. The experience of being raised in a particular place and sharing in a particular culture gives us insight into aspects of reality that others cannot so easily perceive.  CATHOLIC BISHOPSâ CONFERENCE OF KOREA, Appeal of the Catholic Church in Korea for Peace on the Korean Peninsula (15 August 2017). 212. But the response to the crisis did not include rethinking the outdated criteria which continue to rule the worldâ. Sooner or later, we will all encounter a person who is suffering. In that setting, he expressed his desire to feel himself a brother to every human being, and asked a friend to âpray to God that I truly be the brother of allâ. Our understanding of their meaning and scope can increase â and in that respect, consensus is a dynamic reality â but in themselves, they are held to be enduring by virtue of their inherent meaning. Francis has inspired these pages. Isolement non, proximité oui. Amen. In any case, forgetting is never the answer.  Meeting with the Authorities, Civil Society and the Diplomatic Corps, Maputo, Mozambique (5 September 2019): LâOsservatore Romano, 6 September 2019, p. 6.  Saint John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Laborem Exercens (14 September 1981), 19: AAS 73 (1981), 626. An injured man lay on the roadside. Vers une civilisation de l’amour. Such care does not interest those economic powers that demand quick profits. We fail to keep our attention focused, to penetrate to the heart of matters, and to recognize what is essential to give meaning to our lives. Teachers, who have the challenging task of training children and youth in schools or other settings, should be conscious that their responsibility extends also to the moral, spiritual and social aspects of life. Encounter cannot take place only between the holders of economic, political or academic power. If only we could view our political opponents or neighbours in the same way that we view our children or our spouse, mother or father!  And âthe love whereby someone becomes pleasing (grata) to another is the reason why the latter bestows something on him freely (gratis)â.. 156. That is why âwe need to communicate with each other, to discover the gifts of each person, to promote that which unites us, and to regard our differences as an opportunity to grow in mutual respect. Indeed, âwhen financial speculation manipulates the price of food, treating it as just another commodity, millions of people suffer and die from hunger. The riches we possess are not our own, but theirs as wellâ. 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